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The peroxisome a vital organelle by Colin J. Masters

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Published by Cambridge University Press in Cambridge, New York .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Peroxisomes.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 255-283) and index.

StatementColin Masters and Denis Crane.
ContributionsCrane, Denis.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQH603.P47 M37 1995
The Physical Object
Paginationxvii, 286 p. :
Number of Pages286
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1114165M
ISBN 100521482127
LC Control Number94040110

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Provides an update on several new aspects of peroxisome biology, including the role of the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor. The book covers morphilogical, biochemical and molecular biological aspects of peroxisomes. Read more Read less click to open popoverFormat: Hardcover. Peroxisomes differ from mitochondria and chloroplasts in many ways. Most notably, they are surrounded by only a single membrane, and they do not contain DNA or ribosomes. Like mitochondria and chloroplasts, however, peroxisomes are thought to acquire their proteins by selective import from the cytosol. But because they have no genome, all of their proteins must be imported. About this book. This new edited volume in the Springer Subcellular Biochemistry Series presents a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of the proteomics of peroxisomes derived from mammalian, Drosophila, fungal, and plant origin, and contains contributions from leading experts in the field. Plant Peroxisomes deals with the biogenesis of plant peroxisomes and its relevance to the proposed model for peroxisome biogenesis in germinated seeds. The book is divided into seven chapters that discuss the history, cytochemistry, morphology, properties, isolation, metabolism, enzymology, and ontogeny of plant peroxisomes.

Peroxisomes are multifunctional organelles whose abundance varies depending on the cell type, organism, developmental stage, and environmental and metabolic conditions in which the organism lives. Plant peroxisomes are essential to embryo viability and are involved in numerous biochemical processes in development and in plant interaction with the environment.   Peroxisomes are dynamic organelles which can multiply by membrane growth and division of pre-existing organelles (reviewed in Islinger et al. a, b; Schrader et al. ). This involves remodelling and expansion of the peroxisomal membrane through the formation of tubular membrane extensions which then constrict and divide into new by:   The peroxisome is an intracellular signaling compartment that promotes developmental decisions. The rate and efficiency of lipid metabolism in mammalian peroxisomes define the steady-state levels of several signaling lipids, including retinoic acid, phytanic acid, and long-chain fatty acids, outside the peroxisome (Desvergne and Wahli, ).Cited by: Peroxisomes break down organic molecules by the process of oxidation to produce hydrogen peroxide. This is then quickly converted to oxygen and somes produce cholesterol and phospholipids found in brain and heart tissue. A peroxisome protein is .

Introduction. Peroxisomes are single-membrane bound organelles found in almost all eukaryotic cells ().The study of peroxisomes began in the 's with the electron microscopic discovery by Rhodin that mouse kidney cells contain small structures with diameters between – μm surrounded by a single lipid bilayer membrane, which were named microbodies. 1 The enzymatic characterization of Author: Stanley R. Terlecky, Paul A. Walton. Second, like LDs, peroxisomes play a vital role in cellular lipid metabolism (Kohlwein et al., ), and the yeast peroxisome is the only site where β-oxidation of fatty acids occurs (Joshi and Cohen, ), which implies that peroxisomes can accommodate a certain level of hydrophobic by: 2. "This book will be of most interest to undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers who are interested in the biochemistry of the peroxisome, and in understanding its role in the cell with respect The Biochemist "This well-organized and clearly illustrated book synthesizes the results of nearly papers on structure, enzymology, genetics, regulation, and proliferation of peroxisomes. Peroxisome membrane proteins are specific for the organelle. They are also synthesized on free cytosolic ribosomes and are targeted to the organelle by mechanism(s) that are separate from and less well understood than those used by matrix proteins. PEX genes encode peroxins, proteins involved in and necessary for peroxisome biogenesis.